Knowing the importance of Grammatical range and Accuracy in IELTS exam is essential.

Let us start with understanding how they can affect your overall score in the IELTS Exam.

Knowing the basics and exact knowledge of Grammar is essential for all the four sections of the IELTS exam—Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening.

In the IELTS writing task, along with coherence & cohesion, and lexical resource; your grammatical range and accuracy skills are also tested. And it constitutes almost one-fourth of your score in the IELTS Writing task 1 & task 2.

In IELTS speaking module, apart from being fluent in English, this module requires your fluency & coherence, lexical resource and grammatical range & accuracy skills to be at par to score well in the IELTS exam. In this module, your grammar skills will help you express your ideas clearly; and it also makes up a good score in this module.

Whereas, the IELTS Listening & Reading module need your grammatical skills to be useful to help you select the correct answers.

By now, you will have become more aware of the importance of Grammar.

But did you know that if you can master the skill of forming induces grammatical range and accuracy?

To do so, let’s begin with the basics of sentences formation:-

Sentences and their formations:

Types of sentences

There are four types of sentences: simple, compound and complex, Compound-Complex sentences

Simple Sentences

Sentences have a wide range of structures which have a clause as a part of the sentence or the sentence itself.

Clauses are of two types: dependent and independent. Dependent clauses are those who support a sentence, and Independent clause are those that help to complete a sentence.

The simple sentence is the combination of a subject and verb.

Simple sentence = Subject+ Verb

For example,

It is raining.

He is a boy.

Compound sentences

These sentences are a combination of simple sentences connected by a conjunction. They have multiple coordinate clauses that combine two different sentences.

The coordinating conjunction is abbreviated as ‘FANBOYS’ (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So).

For example:

She completed her house chores, and she also attended the wedding.

(The conjunction and connects two similar ideas here

Complex Sentences

Complex sentences are made of independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A Dependent clause is an incomplete thought it might either lack a subject or a verb or has both a subject and no verb. The dependent clause can be in the starting, middle or end of the sentence.

For example:

After completing his work at the office, tom went to the party directly.

(If you say "after completing his work at the office,” is an incomplete thought that is dependent on the independent clause. The independent clause is ‘Tom went to the party directly’).

Compound-Complex sentences

These sentences often have two independent clauses and one dependent clause minimum.

For example:

After John and Mark finished their work at the office; they joined their colleagues, and they went to the movies.

(Dependent complex is "After John and Mark finished their work at the office”)


Grammatical range and accuracy in the IELTS Exam assess the proper and broader usage of complex sentences. It is not enough that you have your grammar correct, it is also important to have variety in it.

And knowing these basics will surely help you form proper sentence structures and hence improve your grammatical Range and Accuracy.

Note: Knowing where to use the dependent clause and independent clauses will help you for complex sentences.

You can learn more about grammar corrections, punctuation correction, and sentence structure with IELTS Writing Correction. Not only you can learn this online, but you can also download their IELTS Writing app for learning more tips & tricks, study materials and master each task with FREE Practice questions.

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