IELTS grammatical range and Accuracy

IELTS Writing Task 2 | A Simple Tip for Grammatical Range and Accuracy

December 08, 2019

IELTS Writing Task 2 is assessed on the four criteria, and all contribute 25% of your total marks; Task Achievement, Coherence & Cohesion, Lexical Resource and Grammatical Range and Accuracy.

Many IELTS students prefer to write short and simple sentences to impress the examiner because short sentences are easy to understand and depicts the idea. You will be surprised to know that this is the worst IELTS Writing Task 2 tip to follow.

Writing Task 2 is not about showcasing your grand ideas, but it is about displaying a variety of sentence types with your writing style.

Examiner will not be going to judge you on your knowledge, though you should be logical enough in your writing. It doesn't matter what your opinion is, you support or you oppose; the examiner will only judge you on the mentioned criteria.

Everyone is aware of Grammatical Accuracy, but there are only a few who know about the Grammatical Range.

Grammatical Range for IELTS - The VARIETY of sentence types

When you start showing the variety of sentence types, your scores will automatically lift from 7 to 8. You must understand sentence structure for IELTS Writing task 2 if you want to score well.

Six types of sentences used in the IELTS Writing Task 2

  1. Simple Sentence
  2. Compound Sentence
  3. Complex Sentence
  4. Passive Sentence
  5. Question Sentence
  6. Conditional Sentence

Simple Sentences

When you use simple sentences with having only one idea, it is classified into a simple sentence.

For example - Prompt: Immigration has a major impact on the society.

  • People prefer to move to developed nations.
  • People move for a better education.

The above two sentences are simple sentences with 'subject', 'verb' & 'object'. You should include simple sentences in your writing, but again you will need variety.

Compound sentences

It is classified when there is one idea + 1 idea in your sentence. Let's have a look at how to write a compound sentence.

For example - Prompt: Immigration has a major impact on the society.

  • People prefer to move to the developed nations for better educations.

When you add two simple sentences with the help of conjunctions are known as compound sentences. And, for, yet, but, so, or, nor, are a few examples of conjunctions that you can use in your writing exam.

Complex Sentences

2 or more ideas in your sentence make it the complex sentence, and the examiner will be going to look at the following words in your writing.

Complex Sentences

For example - Prompt: Immigration has a major impact on the society.

  • There has been a trend where people are migrating to various countries.

The complex sentence coordinates two or more ideas into a single sentence. Write at least five complex sentences using these words and these are the sentences which make you win in IELTS Writing exam.

Passive Sentence

In passive sentences, you reversed the subject and the object.

For example - Prompt: Immigration has a major impact on the society.

  • Active: Migration has affected the literacy rate of the country.
  • Passive: Country's literacy rate has been affected by migration.

Passive sentences are also essential to show a variety of sentence types.

Question Sentence

It is advised to use one question type sentence in your writing. This will work in your favour if you place the question sentence correctly.

For example - Prompt: Immigration has a major impact on the society.

  • But what consequences can it lead?

You can use simple sentence for this, don't try to complicate the question type sentence. You can add the question type sentence in your introduction part to create an excellent narrative voice for the essay.

Conditional Sentence

Conditional sentences are those sentences that start with 'If' and express the factual implications or hypothetical situations and their consequences.

For example - Prompt: Immigration has a major impact on the society.

  • If the government had stopped immigration earlier, then we would not have this issue now.

You can also refer to the IELTS Writing Task 2 - Band Descriptors to know in detail.

What to Choose Between IELTS Grammatical Range and Accuracy?

Perhaps if you are attempting to use a wide variety of sentence types, your accuracy will go down, or maybe you are trying to be accurate with grammar, your grammatical range will go down.

But do you need that strike balance?

IELTS Writing Task 2 - Band Descriptors

Even if you are weak in English, try to attempt some complex sentences. This will increase your chances of getting a higher band.

The Takeaway Message - Variety is more important than accuracy!

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