Fluency & Coherence
The IELTS speaking criteria examine how fluently you can speak at length,
your ability to talk without any pause or hesitation and self-correction.
It also assesses the efficient use of cohesive devices like pronouns, connectors,
conjunctions and more. You must speak in an accent and language that is easily understood by the examiner.
In this criterion, the examiner determines whether you use a wide range of vocabulary or
not, try to convey the meaning in different words and use less common vocabulary. The usage
of collocations and paraphrasing at the proper place is also taken into consideration. You must
avoid errors while speaking.
Range & Accuracy
Here, your formation of sentences i.e. building complex sentence structures and proper
application of grammar is determined. The structures must be set so accurately that their
use sounds natural and appropriate while you talk. Overuse of prepositions, conjunctions and articles must be avoided too.
Your ability to use intonation (i.e. rise and fall of the voice while speaking) and the way you pronounce
any word are taken into account. Your accent must be such that it is clearly understood by the examiner.
Yet, having a mother-tongue influence your speaking is fine as long as you are understandable.